Food name
Local Vegetable
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Type of Foods
   icon1.gif Aep Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Aep i-huak
tree-T.gif Aep kung
tree-T.gif Aep mu
tree-T.gif Aep ong-o (pig brains)
tree-L.gif Aep pla
   icon1.gif Chio Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Chio khai mot-daeng
tree-T.gif Chio phak khom
tree-L.gif Chio yot marum
   icon1.gif Cho Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Cho phak kat
tree-L.gif Cho phak plang
   icon1.gif Kaeng (Curry) Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Kaeng bon
tree-T.gif Kaeng fak khio
tree-T.gif Kaeng hang Le
tree-T.gif Kaeng het lom
tree-T.gif Kaeng het taptao
tree-T.gif Kaeng ho
tree-T.gif Kaeng Khae Hoi (Snail curry)
tree-T.gif Kaeng khae kai (chicken and mixed vegetable curry)
tree-T.gif Kaeng khanun (green jackfruit curry)
tree-T.gif Kaeng khun
tree-T.gif Kaeng kluai dip (green banana curry)
tree-T.gif Kaeng kradang (jelly pork curry)
tree-T.gif Kaeng marum
tree-T.gif Kaeng Namtao On (Green squash curry)
tree-T.gif Kaeng nomai (bamboo shoots)
tree-T.gif Kaeng nomai dong (pickled bamboo shoots)
tree-T.gif Kaeng om-kai
tree-T.gif Kaeng om-mu
tree-T.gif Kaeng om-nuea
tree-T.gif Kaeng om-pla
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak cha-om
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak chiangda
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak huanmu
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak hueat
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak kat (mustard greens)
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak khi-kluang
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak khi-siat
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak phokha-timia (fern sprout)
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak sio
tree-T.gif Kaeng phak waen
tree-T.gif Kaeng phakbung (swamp morning glories)
tree-T.gif Kaeng phakwan ban
tree-T.gif Kaeng phakwan pa
tree-T.gif Kaeng pli (banana flower)
tree-T.gif Kaeng pli tan (palm top)
tree-T.gif Kaeng salae
tree-T.gif Kaeng yot maphrao-on (coconut heart)
tree-T.gif Kaeng yuak(banana tree trunk)
tree-T.gif Kaneg het pho
tree-T.gif Khanomchin nam-ngeo
tree-T.gif Khao soi kai
tree-L.gif Lam bon
   icon1.gif Khio Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Hua nam miang
tree-L.gif Nampu
   icon1.gif Khua Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Khua chinsom
tree-T.gif Khua fak pheka on
tree-T.gif Khua het lom
tree-T.gif Khua het pho
tree-T.gif Khua khae kop
tree-T.gif Khua makhuea thua fakyao
tree-T.gif Khua nomai
tree-T.gif Khua pham (water algae)
tree-T.gif Khua thua-nao
tree-L.gif Nam miang
   icon1.gif Lap/Lu Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Lap kai
tree-T.gif Lap mu
tree-T.gif Lap pla
tree-T.gif Lu (mainly blood mixed with some spices)
tree-L.gif Phrik lap
   icon1.gif Mop Show/Hide content
tree-L.gif Mop pu
   icon1.gif Namphrik Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Namphrik chikung
tree-T.gif Namphrik chinmu
tree-T.gif Namphrik hetlom
tree-T.gif Namphrik i-huak
tree-T.gif Namphrik i-ke
tree-T.gif Namphrik kha
tree-T.gif Namphrik khaepmu
tree-T.gif Namphrik khing
tree-T.gif Namphrik kop
tree-T.gif Namphrik maeng chon
tree-T.gif Namphrik maengda
tree-T.gif Namphrik makhueathet
tree-T.gif Namphrik nam no
tree-T.gif Namphrik nam phak
tree-T.gif Namphrik nam-oi
tree-T.gif Namphrik nampu
tree-T.gif Namphrik nomai dong
tree-T.gif Namphrik num
tree-T.gif Namphrik ong
tree-T.gif Namphrik pla
tree-T.gif Namphrik tadeang
tree-T.gif Namphrik thuanao khaep
tree-T.gif Namphrik thuanao moe
tree-L.gif Namphrik to
   icon1.gif Nueng Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Chin nueng
tree-T.gif Ho nueng kai
tree-T.gif Ho nueng mu (steamed pork in banana leaves)
tree-T.gif Ho nueng nomai
tree-T.gif Ho nueng pla
tree-T.gif Khao kanchin
tree-L.gif Khao nueng
   icon1.gif Ok Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Khai pam
tree-L.gif Ok pla
   icon1.gif Pickling and Fermenting Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Chin som
tree-T.gif Maengman chom (fermented ant eggs)
tree-T.gif Nam tap
tree-T.gif Naw-o (piclked bamboo shoots)
tree-T.gif Phak kat som
tree-T.gif Thua nao khaep
tree-L.gif Thua nao moe
   icon1.gif Ping/Yang/Thot Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Chin haeng
tree-T.gif Chinsom mok
tree-T.gif Khaep khai
tree-T.gif Khaep mu
tree-T.gif Khai khwam
tree-T.gif Khao bai namman
tree-T.gif Khao bai plathu
tree-T.gif Khao chi
tree-T.gif Nam nang
tree-T.gif Nang pong
tree-T.gif Pu-ong
tree-L.gif Sai-ua
   icon1.gif Sa Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Sa chin
tree-T.gif Sa makhuea-pro
tree-T.gif Sa phak ruam
tree-T.gif Sa pli
tree-T.gif Sa traeng-kwa
tree-T.gif Sa yot makham
tree-L.gif Sa yot mamuang
   icon1.gif Tam/Yam Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Tam chin haeng
tree-T.gif Tam khai mot-daeng
tree-T.gif Tam khanun
tree-T.gif Tam krathon
tree-T.gif Tam kung
tree-T.gif Tam makhuea
tree-T.gif Tam makhuea phuang
tree-T.gif Tam malako
tree-T.gif Tam mamuang
tree-T.gif Tam som-o
tree-T.gif Yam chin haeng
tree-T.gif Yam chin kai
tree-T.gif Yam het fang
tree-T.gif Yam kop
tree-T.gif Yam nang
tree-T.gif Yam nomai
tree-T.gif Yam phak chumpa
tree-T.gif Yam phak hueat
tree-T.gif Yam phak-kum dong
tree-T.gif Yam phakkat dong
tree-T.gif Yam phakkatsom
tree-T.gif Yam plachom
tree-T.gif Yam sanat
tree-T.gif Yam tao
tree-L.gif Yam thua paep
   icon1.gif Uk/Hum Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif Chin hum
tree-L.gif Uk kai
   icon1.gif Desserts/Snacks Show/Hide content
tree-T.gif haw-miamg
tree-T.gif Khanom chok
tree-T.gif Khanom fakthong
tree-T.gif Khanom kluai
tree-T.gif Khanom kluea
tree-T.gif Khanom kon nam-oi
tree-T.gif Khanom linma
tree-T.gif Khanom mansampalang (tapioca)
tree-T.gif Khanom sila-on
tree-T.gif Khanom taeng thai
tree-T.gif Khanom tan
tree-T.gif Khanom thian
tree-T.gif Khanom wong
tree-T.gif Khao khaep
tree-T.gif Khao khuap
tree-T.gif Khao lam
tree-T.gif Khao nuknga
tree-T.gif Khao taen
tree-T.gif Khao tom hua-ngok
tree-T.gif Khao witu
tree-T.gif Krabong
tree-T.gif Kuai-tio phat (fried noodles)
tree-T.gif Miang
tree-T.gif Nga tam oi
tree-T.gif Phat mii khanom chin
tree-L.gif Thua tom oi
The Lanna Eating Culture
Chiang Mai University Library in collaboration with Information Technology Service Center

Berry eggplant

            Solanum Torvum Sw.
            Turkey berry, Berry eggplant, lesser eggplant, small eggplant, plate bush, eggplant pea aubergine
            Ba khwaeng kula, Ba khwaeng (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Lamphun); Makhuea phuang (Central); Mak khaeng (Northeast); Ma waeng chang, Ma waeng (South); Chue-po-lue-ku (Hmong). (Kanchana Diwiset et al., 2005, p. 18; Tuenchan Chaisin et al., 2002, p. 13; Bunchuen Chairat, 1999, p. 1346).
            A small, high bush tree of approximately 2 meters tall similar to that of Ma waeng (incanum L. S.). Stems are sparsely lined up with thorns. Bark is whitish green and quite smooth without cracks. Leaf: not deciduous, hairy young leaves and tips, soft, simple alternate planar, broad ovate or almost triangular or heart-shaped with wavy margins around the base; tips are pointed soft and smooth above and minutely hairy below; 3-5 X 4-6 inches with a network of veins. Flower: white branched cluster with 2-12 flowers, bisexual, budding out at the tips and close to the leaf base; long pedicel, 5 sepals, 5 pointed star-like petals. Fruit: single small berry-like with green leathery or pulpy rind mostly in a cluster with smooth sepals; 1.0 – 1.3 cm. pale yellow when ripe, many seeds; flowering and bearing fruits all year round. The bush likes to grow on a flat terrain or mountains or in the fields and gardens that have no taller trees to shade it.
            The fruit contains calcium, phosphorous, iron, vitamins A-B1-B2 and C as well as niacin (Phak Phuen Ban: A-han Phuan Mueang, 2006, p. 69, in Thai). Young fruits can be eaten fresh with any kinds of chili sauce dip (namphrik) or used as an ingredient of yam phak (spicy vegetable salads), especially yam sanat, kaeng ho, kaeng pa and kaeng khua (Bunchuen Chairat, 1999, p. 1346). It is sometimes crushed and added to chili sauce to create a well-blended taste (Thawithong Hongwiwat, 1999, p. 56).
In Lanna medicine, the berries are used in the formula or medicine for infants who are sick and appear swollen throughout their body or to be used to quench a dry throat (Bunchuen Chairat, 1999, p. 1346). The stems can be used to ward off drunkenness and are believed to make whisky or liquor less bitter. Continual intake is believed to improve problems with diabetes, bruises and soreness, better blood circulation and urination. (Tueanchai Chaisri et al., 2002, p. 13).
The leaves are pulverized and placed on wounds to stop bleeding or placed on a boil abscess with pus (Phak Phuen Ban: A-han Phuen Mueang, 2006, p. 69).
The berries are boiled to get rid of a cough and phlem or to increase the appetite and reduce blood pressure (Phak Phuen Ban: A-han Phuen Mueang, 2006, p. 69).
The seeds can be roasted until smoke comes out and inhaling the smoke of it can reduce toothaches. Fresh roots are pulverized and placed on the dry and cracked feet to heal the fissures (Tueanchai Chaisri et al., 2002, p. 13).
            All year round

Kanchana Diwiset et al., compiler. (2005) Phak Phuen Ban Phak Nuea. Phennapha Sapcharoen (Ed.). (2nd ed.). Nonthaburi: The Institute of Thai National Medicine. (in Thai).

Tuenchai Chaisri et al. (2002) Samutphap Samunphrai: Project “Monya Padaet”. Bangkok: The Thailand Research Fund. (in Thai).

Thawithong Hongwiwat. (2004). Saranukrom Phak: Rueang Watthanatham Lae Sut A-han Knong Phak Nanachanit. (2nd ed.). Bangkok: Saeng Daet. (in Thai).

Phak Phuen Ban: A-han Phuen Mueang. (2006). Bangkok: Fa-aphai Co. Ltd. (in Thai).